Canadian Electrical Industry News Week

vehicle charger By William Burr

Pike Research recently forecasted North American electric vehicle sales will grow from around 66,000 units in 2012 to 1.8 million units in 2020.* Whether this prediction is met or exceeded, the batteries driving these electric vehicles will need to be charged. The one challenge facing the adoption of electric vehicles today is no longer related to the length of the “extension cord” but limitations around location and proliferation of charging sites.

By enabling electric vehicles to be charged, not only at home base, but at any destination where the driver may park, barriers to electric vehicle adoption can be lowered. On-board recharging through a hybrid fuel cell or generator system may be desirable for long distance travelling. However, for urban applications it is likely that a more common charging method will be by electric vehicle charging systems installed in parking stalls or along the roadside. There is also ongoing research and development of induction recharging systems that can be located in the floor or roadbed without a physical connection to the electric vehicle. Electrical equipment manufacturers, electric vehicle manufacturers and standards developers are working diligently on technology and standards to address these potential buyer concerns.

The Canadian Electrical Code, Part I** and associated Part II Electrical Equipment Standards provide the standards and installation rules for electric vehicle charging systems.
Section 86 of the Canadian Electrical Code outlines the particular requirements for the installation of electric vehicle charging systems and amends or supplements the general requirements of the Code which also apply.

It needs to be noted that this section of the Code covers charging systems for automotive-type vehicles for highway use such as passenger autos, buses, trucks, vans, and other vehicles that draw current from a charging system, but excludes electric motorcycles, scooters, off-road electric vehicles such as industrial trucks, hoists, lifts, transports, golf carts and similar equipment that is charged from normal or dedicated distribution equipment.

Also note that the Installation Code does not apply to the electric vehicle inlet which is the conductive or inductive device for charging that is a permanently affixed to the vehicle. The standard for this equipment is contained in CSA - C22.2 NO. 282-13 Plugs, receptacles, and couplers for electric vehicles.***

Section 26-700 of the Code requires that a charging system be installed in a residential garage or car park where required, by the National Building Code of Canada.
Rules 86-200 and 86-400 outline the requirement to install warning signs about the need to provide ventilation for operation of the equipment as per manufacturers' instructions. Ventilation must be provided where battery charging causes hazardous off-gassing of the batteries. Where electric vehicle charging equipment is located indoors and requires ventilation, it must be adequately provided in each charging area and must be interlocked to operate with the charging equipment to render it inoperative if the ventilation is interrupted. Note also that equipment installed in commercial garages and flammable liquid dispensing and service areas must comply with Section 20 of the Code.

The Electric Vehicle charging system must be supplied by a separate branch circuit that may also supply associated ventilation equipment. For the purposes of load calculation, the charging and ventilation equipment are considered a continuous load. In addition a separate disconnecting means needs to be provided for each installation of electric vehicle charging equipment rated at 60 Amps or more, or more than 150 volts to ground. These requirements are contained in Rules 86-300 to 86-304 of the Code.


Receptacles for electric vehicle charging need to be conspicuously, legibly and permanently labelled as such, and must be either a standard 5-20R configuration for a 20amp/125 volt branch circuit, or as per CSA configuration contained in Diagram 1 or 2 for a branch circuit more than 20 amps or 125 volts. A standard 20 amp/125 volt receptacle installed outdoors within 2.5 meters of finished grade must be protected with a Class A GFCI (86-306).

There may be applications where an electric vehicle may be used as a power production source or a standby power system. Such a vehicle must be specifically approved and marked for that purpose. The interconnection equipment must be installed and used in conformance with Section 84 of the Code.
The latest development I've found, through internet research, is a Japanese car-maker and electric vehicle pioneer that has been investigating building wireless charging points along major highways that would continually charge electric vehicles as they travelled. Apparently there is a test stretch of road in South Korea capable of automatically charging electric buses as they drive by.

William (Bill) Burr is the former Chair of the Canadian Advisory Council on Electrical Safety (CACES), former Director of Electrical and Elevator Safety for the Province of BC, and former Director of Electrical and Gas Standards Development and former Director of Conformity Assessment at CSA Group. Bill can be reached at Burr and Associates Consulting billburr@gmail.com.

* Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment, Level 1 and Level 2, DC Fast Charging, and Wireless EVSE: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts. Pike Research, October, 2012
** References to the Canadian Electrical Code or the Code are to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, Twenty-second edition, published by the Canadian Standards Association
*** CSA - C22.2 NO. 282-13 Plugs, receptacles, and couplers for electric vehicles is published by the Canadian Standards Association.

Nexans Webinar - Key 2021 Electrical Code Changes Impacting Wire and Cable

Nexans Free WebinarJoin NEXANS for a free webinar with Isaac Müller, Applications Engineer for Nexans as he reviews and discusses the changes to the 2021 Canadian Electrical Code related to wire and cable. This free webinar will take place Wed, Jan 27, 2021 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM EST

This webinar includes:
- Updated rules to protect cables (12-514,12-516)
- New conditions of use for wire & cable (Table 19)
- An opportunity to ask your questions

Click here to register today. 


 


Salex Announces Promotion of Paul Manson to GTA Sales Manager     

Paul MansonJanuary 26, 2021 – Salex, a facilitator of commercial lighting installations and control systems for Canada’s architectural lighting community, is excited to announce the promotion of Paul Manson to GTA Sales Manager. Paul joined Salex back in 2015, and has over 25 years of invaluable industry experience.

Dedicated to the education and promotion of quality, high-efficiency lighting and controls, Manson’s extensive background in on-site electrical installation, national accounts, relationship building, manufacturers, and sales team management at Philips Lighting, will provide valuable experience to fulfill his new role.

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Changing Scene

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Organizers behind the MEET (Mechanical Electrical Electronic Technology) Show have announced its ...
Be sure not to miss your opportunity to participate at EDIST 2021 The Power of Resiliency, January ...
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With close to 400 exhibitors and more than 6,000 attendees from throughout Canada and the United States, MEET is the second-largest industry event of its type in Canada, and the largest trade event east of Montreal. Given the size and nature of the show and the travel that comes along with it, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced the rescheduling of the event several times.

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Canadian Electrical Contractor Discussion Group

CECD Zac recetacleOne CECD group memeber recently posed a quick code question regarding some new arc fault requirements and powering a hallway receptical with a bedroom receptical. 

Go HERE to join the discussion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



The Beard and the Respiratory Protection MaskHalf-masks and full-facepiece respirators require an optimal seal to guarantee their effectiveness, and the beard can impede it considerably.

DID YOU KNOW THAT A BEARD’S REGROWTH AS LITTLE AS ONE DAY OLD CAN AFFECT THE MASK’S SEAL IN PLACE?

What does it mean exactly?

Since many masks have been tested on different face types, the results of these tests vary considerably. However, it should be noted that in 100% of cases, after 7 days without shaving, the respiratory protection masks showed a leak of more than 1%. This means that the air inside the mask contained more than 1% of unwanted particles!

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Product News

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AimLite's new LED backlit panel lights P14BR series utilize next-generation backlit technology, ...
Rittal is replacing its previous KS series with the new fibreglass enclosures AX and so completely ...
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The WaveLinx industrial high bay and low bay sensors offer passive infrared (PIR) occupancy with a ...
The Swidget Motion Sensor Insert* uses infrared radiation to detect whether someone or something ...
Standard extruded inside and outside corner LED tape mud-in channels. Aluminum construction. ...
Traditional style, cost-effective, DLC-listed wall pack offered in 42, 80, and 120 watts. The ...
Lumenwerx is pleased to launch the Via Weather Series, a new subgrouping composed of ...
SATCO continues to expand its wall pack selection with options that make installation flexible and ...

 

Signify LytePro LED Wall Pack Gen 3Providing high quality illumination, LytePro’s low profile design complements and blends in with its surroundings. Available in 3 sizes, LytePro offers two optical distributions, multiple lumen packages, and is suitable for a range of mounting heights.

Lumen output ranges from 1,000 to 9,600 with efficacies up to 114 LPW, and all models are DLC qualified. The LPW32 even features button photocell, motion response, battery pack, and field adjustable wattage options.

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SATCO CCT Selectable Wall PacksSATCO continues to expand its wall pack selection with options that make installation flexible and stock versatile. The latest additions in the line include the CCT Selectable Small Wall Pack and the CCT Selectable Compact Round Wall Pack.

 
The Small Wall Pack is perfect for light commercial uses such a smaller storage units and municipal lighting, as well as commercial Main Street buildings. As with all of the fixtures in this exterior family, these wall packs offer advanced features, are built durable and are able to withstand harsh, all-weather conditions.

 

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Peers & Profiles

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Meredith Halfpenny is a Wind Site Technician with Boralex where she inspects, maintains, and ...
Rutul Bhavsar is a final year Electrical Engineering student at Mohawk College. He recently ...
Shannon Tymosko is a first-year apprentice with IBEW (International Brotherhood of Electrical ...


Libra Smart MeterBy Blake Marchand

Trilliant, an international provider of utility solutions for advanced metering and smart grid systems, recently announced a custom-made product for the North American market with the release of its Trilliant Libra Series Edge-Ready Smart Electric Meter.


The meter’s technology will allow utilities to enter the connectivity sphere by providing peer-to-peer data acquisition and analytics, while enabling new energy management features that benefit both customer and utility. 

 

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