Canadian Electrical Industry News Week

Approved electrical equipmentBy Pierre McDonald

As I indicated last month, several changes will be evident in the 23rd Edition Canadian Electrical Code  which is scheduled for publication in early January 2015. When released, Code Users will have an opportunity to see for themselves these changes. Within this article I would like to review some of the more deliberated changes that will affect certain installations. This would include the rewrite of rules clarifying underground ampacity tables, the temperature requirements for conductor selection, voltage drop in dwelling units and industrial establishments, and arc-fault requirements in dwelling units.

Section 4 will see several changes that should eliminate some of the frustrations Code Users have had with conductor ampacities associated with underground installations. Rule 4-004(1)(d) for copper and 4-004(2)(d) for aluminum have been adjusted to reflect the consolidation of the Appendix B  Diagrams B4-1 through B4-4 with the ampacity tables in Appendix D. The 2012 CE Code had Users make reference to diagrams which were in Appendix B and try to manipulate to tables in Appendix D. This new edition CE Code will have the ampacity tables and the diagrams all published in Appendix D. The main change with these Appendix D Tables is also the removal of the “B” Tables. In order to align the existing underground Tables (D8A through D15B) with the rest of the Code, the “A” Tables were re-calculated, making the “B” Tables unnecessary. The Code User will see an increase in allowable ampacities associated with these Installations.

Additionally, Rule 4-004(1)(g) for copper and 4-004(2)(g) for aluminum have been added to address the ampacities of shielded cables rated 5 kV to 46 kV in sizes No. 2 AWG to 1000 kcmil. These two new items point to ampacity tables D17A through D17N for installation configurations and conditions described in the Table D17 installation diagrams. Cables within these voltage ranges will have ampacities that vary substantially based on the variables associated with their installation. It is very important to remember that the ampacities listed in Tables D17A to D17N are only applicable for the configurations and conditions specified in Table D17. For alternate configurations and conditions the Code User should consult the IEEE 835 calculation method.
Another notable change to Section 4 will be with the clarification to Rule 4-006, Temperature Limitations. In the 2012 CE Code, (which saw the introduction of this rule) 4-006 indicated a default maximum conductor temperature of 90°C for equipment not marked for maximum conductor temperature. This default temperature was never correlated with the CSA C22.2 Standards (for example, CSA C22.2 No.4 or CSA C22.2 No.5) as they were only evaluated relative to the appropriate temperature characteristics of the terminations to 75°C. As a fix for equipment not marked for maximum conductor temperature, Subrule 2 has been rewritten to direct the Code User to consider the maximum conductor temperature to be 60°C for equipment rated not more than 100 A or marked for use with conductor sizes 1/0 or smaller, and 75°C for equipment rated more than 100 A or marked for use with conductor sizes larger than 1/0.

As indicated in the Appendix B intent statement, the size of conductors terminating on equipment shall be not less than the conductor sized from the appropriate conductor temperature column in tables 1, 2, 3 or 4. Additionally it should be noted that the temperature requirement of conductors only applies to the first 1.2 m of conductor length measured from the point of termination (Subrule 4) and if a splice is made to meet the temperature requirements of this rule, the conductor terminating to the equipment cannot be less than 1.2 m in length (Subrule 5). Additional scenarios are spelled out in Subrules 3 and 6.
In Section 8 the Voltage Drop rule (8-106) has been rewritten to better apply to specific installations. While the 3% and 5% limitations still apply to feeder or branch circuits; and from the supply side of the consumer’s service (or equivalent) to the point of utilization respectively, notwithstanding clauses have been added for Residential and Industrial situations. Subrule 3 directs the Code User to a new Table 68 for conductor length measured from the supply side of the consumer’s service to the furthest point of utilization on general use circuits not exceeding 120 V or 20 A in dwelling units. Subrule 4 allows, in Industrial establishments, where qualified persons ensure maintenance and supervision for equipment, the voltage drop to be such that the voltage at the point of utilization is within the rating or voltage tolerance of the connected equipment. This could very well be below the maximum 5% allowed is Subrule 1.

The requirements for arc-fault protection for receptacles in bedrooms has been revised (Rule 26-724 item (f)) to mandate arc-fault protected by a combination type arc fault circuit interrupter for all receptacles rated 125 volt  and 20 A or less in dwelling units. Exceptions to this requirement are for those receptacles installed in each bathroom and washroom in accordance with 26-710(f) and those receptacles installed in kitchens in accordance with 26-712(d)(i), (iii), (iv), (v).  Of course the exception, introduced in the 2012 CE Code, that a single receptacle installed for a sump pump still exists provided certain conditions are met. Item (g) of Rule 26-724 also allows the arc-fault protection mention above to be in the form of an outlet branch circuit type arc-fault circuit interrupter provided it is installed at the first outlet on the branch circuit and the wiring method between the branch circuit overcurrent device and the first outlet is comprised of metal raceway, armoured cable, or non-metallic conduit or tubing.

These changes are just a few of what will be coming within the 23rd Edition CE Code. Before they become a mandatory requirement within your jurisdiction, the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) must legislate the adoption of this edition of the CE Code. For some jurisdictions this adoption and enforcement will be within 6 months or less of the Codes’ publication, while other jurisdictions could take up to a couple years to adopt. Code users should always consult the AHJ for information on which edition code is enforced.

Five Tips to Find Time for Field Service Marketing

SimProTime is a precious resource that we all want more of. And if you own a field service business or work for one, you undoubtedly know how hard it is to find time for everything you need to accomplish in a workday, let alone a week, a quarter, or a year.

Like many of us, you do your best to check every item off of the to-do list during working hours while inevitably pushing lower priority items off to another day. And often, marketing your field service business is one of those things that easily falls to the wayside after being pushed back for more urgent matters.

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Changing Scene

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The federal governemnt has officially launched a call for proposals (CFP) for the  ...
The Electrical Contractors Association of BC (ECABC) has announced the impending departure of ...
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The launch of the Apprenticeship Service stands to help overcome financial barriers employers face ...
The National Electrical Trade Council (NETCO) is pleased to announce that they will be rolling out ...
43 years ago, Steve Silverstein bought a table saw and a delivery van and began a revolution in the ...
E.B. Horsman & Son (EBH) has announced their Victoria location will be officially moving to a ...
 The Maritime’s largest Mechanical and Electrical event took place last Wednesday and ...
IDEAL INDUSTRIES, INC. is calling all professional and student-apprentice electricians to come out ...
Vivi White has been appointed to the Board of Directors of the Electrical Safety Authority ...

Become a Wiser Approved Installer

Wiser Approved Installer

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Government of CanadaThe federal governemnt has officially launched a call for proposals (CFP) for the Zero-Emission Vehicle Awareness Initiative (ZEVAI). The initiative’s 2022 CFP will help fund new and innovative projects that aim to increase awareness and knowledge of ZEVs and charging and refueling infrastructure thereby increasing public confidence in these vehicles and their economic and environmental benefits.

Natural Resources Canada will provide funding through non-repayable contributions of between 50 and 75 percent of the total eligible project costs, with a maximum funding of up to $300,000 per project. The CFP will close on August 18, 2022.

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Omnicable joins ETIMETIM North America announced that OmniCable has joined the product classification standards organization. Headquartered in West Chester, PA, OmniCable has 24 locations throughout North America, and also owns Houston Wire & Cable (HWC). The company partners with many electrical manufacturers and only sells to distributors.

According to John Dean, Director of Marketing & E-Commerce, OmniCable/HWC, “The wire and cable industry is often called commodities, but there are very distinct features and attributes for the different products our manufacturers produce. 

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Atkore United Poly SystemsAtkore Inc. announced that it has acquired United Poly Systems, a manufacturer of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pressure pipe and conduit, primarily serving telecom, water infrastructure, renewables, and energy markets.

“We are pleased to complete the acquisition of United Poly Systems, which strengthens Atkore’s product portfolio, expands our manufacturing capacity and further enables us to meet HDPE customers’ needs,” stated John Pregenzer, President of Atkore’s Electrical business. “HDPE pipe and conduit is a growing market that is expected to benefit from U.S. infrastructure legislation, and United Poly Systems is a great addition to Atkore. We welcome these employees and look forward to working together to continue to serve and support our customers.”

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Canadian Electrical Contractor Discussion Group: Can You Count the Deficiencies?

EIN CECD 400Have you ever been called to fix the work of a 'handyman'?

"Was supposedly done by a"certified ' electrician....told the homeowner that he got a $266 record at TSBC. Can you count the deficiencies?"

"There is a second panel change in the triplex also.......even more deficiencies. Think the guy was a glorified handyman. Ones not obvious: 240 BB heat hooked up 120....drier on 2p20....range on 2p50....water heater fed with 2c14 Bx on 2p15."

Go HERE to join the discussion



The Canadian Electrical Code for safer electrical installations

Canadian Standards Association

For over 90 years, the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (CSA C22.1:21), has helped ensure the safety of electrical installations and protection of electrical workers. Its 2021 edition brought 200+ additions and updates that address energy storage systems, climate change adaptation, hazardous locations, and other important topics. To help users better understand and apply the Code, CSA Group developed additional resources and training.

Learn more about available Code packages and resources




Iron+EarthThe RenuWell Project partners are excited to announce the groundbreaking of two pilot sites located near Taber, Alberta. These pilot sites are the first of their kind to repurpose inactive oil and gas infrastructure as a foundation for renewable energy development and job creation.

When operating, the solar projects will generate 2,030 MWh annually – enough electricity to power 280 average Alberta households or irrigate 11,700 acres of farmland for an average year. This is roughly equivalent to $200,000 in electricity sales per year with 1,100  tCO2e savings in GHG emissions. Over a 25-year lifespan, the projects will generate 50,750 MWh, with GHG emission savings of 28,420 tCO2e.

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David O'ReillyBy Elle Bremmer

Recently, I had the pleasure of sitting down with David O’Reilly, Vice President Home & Distribution and Secure Power Divisions with Schneider Electric Canada for a discussion regarding the Wiser EnergyTM smart home solution, the Wiser Approved training program, and his thoughts on several different subjects, including sustainability and future technologies currently in the works at Schneider Electric. David has been with the company for five and a half years in his role.

We recently published a study (version en français ICI) from Schneider Electric showing a strong interest from Canadians in smart home technology. 

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SimplySnap: It Just Works.

SynapseSmart technology is only smart if it works, and SimplySnap? It just works.
Scalable, field-proven, DLC NLC 5.0 qualified, and easy-to-install wireless network
lighting controls are in-stock. Explore energy code compliant SimplySnap
technology here.

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Product News

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Alligator® water pump pliers from KNIPEX provide good access to the workpiece due to slim size of ...
The MX FUEL™ ROCKET™ Tower Light/Charger provides up to 27,000 lumens of task and area lighting and ...
Automate electrical system labelling and electrical panel directory creation (ditch the manual ...
The Ferret Plus brings you the ultimate innovation in inspection technology. Includes built-in (on ...
IDEAL® Pro Series Camo Zipper Pouches are a convenient storage solution for electrical tools, ...
The new WhisperAir Repair™ from Panasonic is a compact ceiling-mount air purifier that is effective ...
By pairing the sturdiness and performance of the Green Cable Concrete and the simplicity ...
Offering a wide range of high-quality industrial plugs and sockets complying with IEC 60309-1 and ...
Stanpro’s L1RHT is a high temperature, high lumen output, high impact resistant LED high bay rated ...
The nPODA Key is a low voltage, single gang, nLight decorator switch that offers additional ...

Ericson String LightsEricson announces upgraded versions of their extremely capable line of Industrial String Lights and SL, LED Stringlights. These new and updated products have several key features important when safe, code compliant lighting for industrial workspace is necessary.

Infinitely capable, these ruggedly built products have several industry leading & exclusive features including:

Industrial String Lights:

  • A United States Navy Specification since before WWII, they’re time and application tested...


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Intermatic Pool and Spa SolutionIntermatic Incorporated announced its new P40000 Series Load Centers, a set of next-generation panels for pool-only applications, as well as its new PE24GVA 24-Volt Valve Actuator, an easy-to-install valve actuator that allows for tool-free cam adjustments. Both solutions remove obstacles for pool service professionals while delivering lasting performance.

“Intermatic load centers and valve actuators have been the preferred choice of pool professionals for more than 30 years,” says Brian Lamberty, product marketing manager at Intermatic. “The PE24GVA and P40000 Series build on that tradition, helping pool professionals streamline service calls while setting the standard for quality and performance.”

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Klein Tools Zipper BagsKlein Tools introduces new Stand-up Zipper Bags, in a 2-Pack with 7-Inch and 14-Inch sizes, both designed to handle tough jobsite conditions and stand up so tools and small parts can be easily accessed when working.

Stand-up Zipper Bags, 7-Inch and 14-Inch, 2-Pack (Cat. No. 55559)

  • Perfect for storing pliers, wrenches, screwdrivers, drill bits and other small tools and parts
  • 4 1/2’’ tall zipper bags come in two sizes:
    • 14’’ (36.6 cm) dark gray
    • 7’’ (17.8 cm) royal blue

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Emerson HV SafetyThe Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates 350 employees are killed annually in electrocution accidents, which roughly equals one fatality per day. In the face of these dangers, OSHA officials and industry safety consultants alike recommend eliminating potential hazards on work sites, rather than simply relying on contractors or employees to follow safety guidelines.

To help safeguard employees from electrocution, Emerson has launched its Appleton™ Powertite™ Lock Collar, a device that fastens over plug and connector connections and is secured with a padlock, preventing unauthorized personal from disconnecting the cable connection once in place. 

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Peers & Profiles

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Watt’s the Word is a recently launched Electrical Industry Podcast hosted by Zack Hartle and ...
Allana Kellett-Jamieson loves working in the electrical sector and is proud of the great focus ...
As the head of ABB Canada's electrification business unit, Éric Deschênes is no newcomer to the ...
Karen Pullen knows what it’s like to be the only woman on a construction site, and as a proud ...
As of February 2021, Martin Stephenson is the new President and CEO of Signify Canada.   ...
This past July, Kerith Richards, who has worked for Service Wire Company for the last seven years, ...
EngWorks was formed in 2004 as an electrical engineering and consulting firm by Allan Bozek, “After ...
Headquartered in Concord, Ontario, Mercury Lighting services national retail, ...
Among the recipients of the 2021 Clean50 Awards announced last month is Carolina Gallo, Vice ...
Sarah Silverstein is a principal with Liteline along side her two brothers Mark and Daniel. ...

Copper $US Dollar price per pound

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